|WHAT IS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN|
ICE FOG AND FREEZING FOG?
METEOROLOGIST JEFF HABY
Cloud droplets and liquid precipitation can remain liquid even when the air temperature surrounding the suspended
liquid is below freezing. This occurs
because the liquid needs a surface to freeze upon. The liquid droplets will
freeze without a nuclei surface if the temperature drops low enough. As a general rule, liquid
cloud or precipitation drops between freezing
and -10 C (14 F) will remain liquid. When the temperature drops to below -40 C, all liquid droplets will solidify.
Droplets that are liquid and are below freezing are referred to as supercooled droplets.
Suppose it is foggy outside and the temperature is 30 F.
Fog tends to not produce measurable precipitation by
itself but it can still wet and moisten objects. In the case of freezing fog, the fog cloud droplets
are supercooled. When a
droplet contacts an object below freezing it will turn to ice. When only freezing fog occurs, there will
be just about as much
freezing of the fog droplets onto surfaces as there will be sublimation from the surface, thus there is
not much accumulation of ice. Often freezing fog will be accompanied with
freezing drizzle. In that case, a film
of ice will coat surfaces.
Ice fog is a fog composed of tiny ice crystals. In the ice fog situation the temperature is becoming too cold
for only supercooled water to occur. Ice fog will only be witnessed in cold Arctic / Polar air. Generally
the temperature will be 14 F or colder in order for ice fog to occur.
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